Learning

Essentials

The New Tata Nano Diesel

Tata is a small city car manufactures by Tata Motors and sold in India. It is the cheapest car in the world, costing only 100,000 (US$2000). The company will display the new Tata Nano Diesel at the Auto Expo held in Greater Noida in February 2014. Since 2010, market conditions have changed significantly, as the gap between petrol and diesel prices is narrower. As a result, petrol cars are high in demand, especially at the lower end of the market. Petrol prices have risen by just 4.5 percent, while diesel price have escalated. Despite of this, the manufacturer will begin offering the Tata Nano Diesel this year. The new Nano will be unveiled in India together with a new sedan and hatchback. The world’s cheapest car is currently available with 2 engine settings, a 624cc gasoline engine delivering 38 HP (28 kW) and a 624cc bi-fuel motor outputting 33 HP (24 kW). The new vehicle has been spotted on Indian streets during test rounds and is expected to have a 2-cylinder, 800cc turbocharged diesel with 45 HP (33 kW). According to the media, the new Tata Nano Diesel will have a fuel economy of 35-40kmpl and a price around Rs. 2.2-3 lakh. The Nano is expected to be the country’s cheapest and most fuel efficient car. The company also plans to release a compact hatchback and sedan, part of a project called the Falcon. Both vehicles will share the X1 platform used for models like Manza and Vista. The sedan is expected to go on sale towards the end of the year, replacing the Manza. It will use the same 1.3-litre Fiat MultiJet diesel and 1.2-liter turbocharged gasoline engine, although its gasoline motor will deliver more than 100 HP (73 kW). Besides the new poweplant, the Tata Nano Diesel also has a pair of new body styles. The hatchback’s styling is borrowed from Tata’s European studio. The old car has a hatchback’s shape without actually having a rear hatch. The new model will provide access to the back from outside the car. Both the hatchback and four-door sedan sedan will be larger and more powerful. Currently, there are 5 variants of the Nano, including the Tata Nano CX, Tata Nano CNG LX, Tata Nano STD, Tata Nano CNG CX, and Tata Nano LX. The petrol variant is equipped with a 0.6-litre MPFI engine and a four-speed manual gearbox. The company will also launch the new Nano with power steering developed by ZF. As a result, the car will no longer have a heavy mechanical steering highly criticized since its launch.